Oats

“KAME”: Wisconsin Oat Test Line X8177-1 (Released 2005)

Wisconsin oat test line X8177-1 has a pedigree of B605X/2/Dane/Newdak. The final cross was made in the spring greenhouse at Madison in 1994. It has been tested statewide since 2000 and in the Arlington drill plot nursery since 2001. X8177-1 has also been an entry in the Uniform Early Oat Performance Nursery (UEOPN) in 2001, 2002, and 2003. This nursery is grown at many locations in the north central USA and measures range of adaptability over a wide growing area. X8177-1 has performed very well in those trials, placing amongst the leaders each year.

In statewide tests, X8177-1 has had consistently high grain yields, ranking highest of early-maturing lines, and even comparable with most midseason and late maturing lines. Test weights are similar to those of Vista and Ogle, while heading date is about 2 days later than Dane, and just slightly earlier than Moraine. Plant height is similar to Dane and about 4 inches shorter than Moraine. Lodging is about equal to that of Belle. BYDV tolerance is comparable to that of Dane. Crown rust resistance is very good. X8177-1 was entered in the Minnesota statewide trials in 2003 and performed well in an area not favorable to early maturing lines.

Breeders Seed was grown in 2002 and Foundation Seed in 2004. Released in 2005. The name “Kame” has been assigned.

 

 

“Esker” Oat Variety (Released in 2004)

A team of UW-Madison researchers has developed a new, high-yielding oat variety with improved disease resistance, agronomic, and grain quality traits. This variety, named “Esker”, has kernels that are well-filled, yellow, and non-fluorescent. Plants are intermediate in height with medium length leaves. Esker matures midseason and has consistently performed well in trials replicated over several years in many locations.

BENEFITS:

Improved crop performance

High yielding

Good grain test weights

Resistant to crown (leaf) rust

Good tolerance to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV)

Uniform and stable phenotypic and genotypic plant characteristics

 

Inventors: Heidi Kaeppler, Ronald Duerst

Source: http://warf.wisc.edu/, WARF: P04397US

 

 

 

 

“Drumlin” Oat Variety (Released in 2003)

UW-Madison researchers have developed a new high-yield oat variety, called Drumlin. Drumlin has been successfully grown in tests at many locations in the northern United States and southern Canada. This variety matures a few days later than Moraine, an early-maturity line also developed by UW-Madison researchers.

BENEFITS:

Provides consistently high grain yields

Shows excellent resistance to crown rust

Displays good tolerance to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV)

Comparable to commercial varieties in most other crop traits

 

Inventors: Heidi Kaeppler, Ronald Duerst

Source: http://warf.wisc.edu/, WARF: P03266US

 

  

“Moraine” Oat Variety (Released in 2001)

UW-Madison researchers have developed a new oat variety, called Moraine. Moraine is an early-maturity line designed for the early maturing oat growing areas of the upper Midwest. The plants are intermediate to tall in height, with leaves of medium length. The kernels are well filled, yellow, and non-fluorescent.

BENEFITS:

Out-yielded comparable varieties in field trials

Good tolerance to crown rust

As good or better response to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) than comparable varieties

Variety is uniform and stable

 

Inventors: Heidi Kaeppler, Ronald Duerst, Robert Forsberg

Source: http://warf.wisc.edu/, WARF: P01285US

 

 

“FORAGE PLUS”: Wisconsin Oat Test Line X7468-5 Forage Oat (Released in 2001)

Wisconsin selection X7468-5 resulted from a cross made in the 1990 spring greenhouse and has been tested primarily as a forage line. Pedigree is X5560-1 / MAM17-4. In three years of testing (1997-1999) at Madison and Arlington, it has had significantly higher forage yields than other commonly used varieties. It is very late maturity, reaching forage cutting stage 5-7 days later than Belle and Ensiler. Crude protein percent and RFV are in the lower range for most named varieties when harvested at late boot, early heading. Forage Plus has a wide window of harvest. As an additional plus for seed producers, it has good crown rust resistance and reasonably good grain yields.

Breeders seed was grown in 1999 and Foundation Seed in 2000. Released in 2001. The name “Forage Plus” has been assigned.

 

 

“VISTA”: Wisconsin Oat Test Line X6165-6 (Released in 1999)

Wisconsin oat test line X6165-6 has a pedigree of Ogle/MO 07468/2/Centennial with the final cross being made at Madison in the summer of 1984. It has been tested statewide since 1994 and in the Arlington drill plot nursery since 1995. X6165-6 has also been an entry in the Uniform Midseason Oat Performance Nursery (UMOPN) in 1996, 1997, and 1998.

In statewide tests, X6165-6 has had consistently high grain yields, ranking 1st in 1998, 1997-98, and 1996-98. Test weights are about the same as Belle, while heading date is about 2 days later than Ogle and 2 days earlier than Belle. Plant height is about the same as Troy, while lodging is similar to Gem and Ogle. BYDV tolerance is slightly poorer than Belle, but better than Dane. Crown rust resistance is excellent.

In the UMOPN, line X6165-6 has performed well, ranking in the top 2 or 3 (of 36) for both 1996 and 1997. This nursery is grown at many locations in northern USA and southern Canada and measures range of adaptability over a wide growing area.

Breeders Seed was grown in 1997 and Foundation Seed in 1998. Released in 1999. The name “Vista” has been assigned.

 

 

GEM: Wisconsin Oat Test Line X6166-2 (Released 1997)

Wisconsin oat test line X6166-2 has a pedigree of X6051 / Ogle. The final cross was made in the 1984 field nursery at Madison, WI. It has been tested statewide since 1992. X6166-2 has also been an entry in the Uniform Midseason Oat Performance Nursery (UMOPN) in 1992,1993, and 1994. This nursery is grown at many locations in the Northern US and Canada and measures range of adaptability over a wide growing area.

X6166-2 ranked first for grain yields over 24 tests (8 locations for 3 years) during 1994, 1995, and 1996. Plant height is about the same as Belle and 2-3 inches shorter than Ogle and Prairie. Gem has shown excellent resistance to crown rust and good tolerance to BYDV. Lodging is similar to Ogle and Dane. Gem has well filled kernels with good test weight, good groat percentage and good groat protein percentage.

Breeders Seed was grown in 1994 and Foundation Seed in 1995. Certified Seed in 1996. Released for on-farm planting in 1997. The name “Gem” has been assigned.

 

 

“DANE”: Wisconsin Oat Test Line X4872-1-3 (Released 1991)

Wisconsin oat test line X4872-1-3 has a pedigree of X3530-47 / Ogle. The final cross was made in the 1979 spring greenhouse at Madison. It has been tested statewide since 1988.

In statewide tests X4872-1-3 has had consistently high grain yields, ranking first in 1988-1990. X4872-1-3 is similar to Webster in maturity and considerably earlier than Horicon or Ogle. X4872-1-3 is similar to Webster, Horicon and Ogle in bushel weight and height. X4872-1-3 has a very high groat percentage. Lodging is similar to Ogle. X4872-1-3 is similar to Horicon in crown rust and BYDV resistance.

Breeders Seed was grown in 1988 and Foundation Seed in 1989. Certified Seed in 1990 and released for on-farm planting in 1991. The name “Dane” has been assigned.